The banks of the river Nile perfect for adventurous visitors. The ancient site of KERMA is dominated by a vast mudbrick building known as the “Dafuffa”, which is some 4,000 years old. The sandstone temple at SOLEB was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III and preserves some of the most extraordinary hieroglyphic inscriptions in Sudan. The site of OLD DONGOLA was the capital of the Christian Kingdom of Makuria and boasts a cathedral as well as medieval churches and monasteries. Other sites are the magnificent pyramid fields at NURI and JEBEL BARKEL – which between them contain temples, palaces, pyramids and cemeteries dating from the Pharaonic era and through the Napatan and Meroitic periods of Sudan’s great history.